The protection of the environment is nowadays a noble cause to which all the states of the world are gradually adhering. Indeed, at the present time, people realize how much pollution can harm the sustainability of natural resources and therefore the future of all humanity. The conservation of the environment is part of the 7th millennium goal put forward by the UN as an important factor of sustainable development. Here are the different objectives related to the environment.
WELL-BEING AND GOOD HEALTH
The mortality rate caused by different diseases is increasing today. In fact, the goals to be achieved by 2030 will include stopping the HIV/AIDS epidemic, malaria, tuberculosis, fighting hepatitis and other contagious diseases, avoiding preventable deaths of children under 5 years of age and reducing the global maternal death rate to below 70 per 100,000 live births. Second, to clearly reduce the number of deaths and illnesses caused by hazardous chemicals, air, soil and water contamination and pollution. Finally, the last objective is to ensure that everyone can benefit from universal health coverage that provides a defense against financial threats, offering access to essential health services, necessary and effective vaccines and medicines at an affordable cost.
PRESERVATION OF THE OCEANS AND SEAS
The protection of fisheries resources is also a priority that should not be overlooked. Here are some of the objectives set to protect the seas, oceans and the living species that live there. First, to reduce marine pollution of all types, in particular, the effects of land-based activities such as nutrient pollution and waste at sea. Second, to stop overfishing, unreported fishing and various destructive fishing practices. It is also important to produce science-based management plans to restore fish stocks as quickly as possible to levels that will provide a profitable return. Finally, it is essential to support and strongly manage marine and coastal ecosystems, especially by strengthening their resilience, in order to prevent the tragic consequences of their deterioration and to implement measures related to their restoration to guarantee the sustainability of fishery resources. Besides that, the reduction of pressures is also an environmental objective.
For the integrity of the environment, it is necessary to decrease the shares of chemical contaminants in the sea from the dispersing basins described in the initial assessment. The specific objectives are to reduce the rainfall contributions of the villages and coastal places, reduce the rainfall contributions of the port and industrial assemblies. To review the sewage disposal instructions for coastal towns and localities, to reduce waste from coastal towns and to support the management and disqualification of coastal and marine waste for all coastal towns. Then, to strengthen the collection of waste perceived in the fishing gears, and remove them by special materials. It is also important to improve satellite detection and aerial surveillance of the sectors concerned to better control illegal discharges from ships. To strengthen also the implementation of procedures for the collection of oily debris and hazardous substances from ships’ loads in ports. Finally, to reduce the danger of introduction and dispersion of invasive alien species. Then to determine a change of information and decision in matter, monitoring and prevention against the embarrassing non-indigenous species. After the objectives related to the pressures come the collateral objectives related to the environment.
COLLATERAL OBJECTIVES RELATED TO THE ENVIRONMENT
The organization of research and development activities is also critical to the environmental objectives. Here are some ideas: bring a framework document that presents the benefits of a deepening corresponding to the marine society action plan, the related economic, financial and ecological issues, the collaborating partners and an implementation program. Consolidate the legal tools that allow for the management of marine movements. To this end, it is necessary to set up a suitable economic zone on the outline of the recent ecological protection zone and to defend the international framework of maritime traffic, to warn and sensitize the coastal and maritime actors to the investments related to the objectives of the PAMM and to the best state of the marine environments of the marine sub-region. To arrange and associate the actions of information and sensitization of the general public all around the investments maintained by the action plan for the marine environment. Then mark in the pedagogical references the cycles of maritime disciplines intended for users and professionals.
In short, these objectives must be achieved since the protection of the environment is vital for the interest of all.